notobacco

Posts Tagged ‘smoking’

CDC MMWR Report Shows Decrease Of Smoking In Movies

In National News on July 15, 2011 at 8:38 am

The CDC Office on Smoking and Health recently released a data relating to a new study, which is the first to compare major motion picture companies that have adopted a tobacco reduction policy to those without such a policy. Reducing smoking incidents in movies is important because studies have found that 44% of youth smoking initiation can be attributed to viewing tobacco incidents in movies.

MMWR Highlights Changes in Onscreen Smoking Incidents in Youth-Rated Movies (2005 – 2010)
  • Total number of onscreen tobacco incidents in youth-rated movies: 595 in 2010 versus 2093 in 2005
  • Total incidents decreased 71.6% from 2005 to 2010
  • Average number of incidents per youth-rated movie: 6.8 in 2010 versus 20.1 in 2005
  • Average incidents per movie decreased 66.2% from 2005 to 2010
Smoking-Reduction Policies
  • Only three of the six major studios have a published, written smoking reduction policy in place.
  • Those studios had reductions in tobacco use depictions in youth-rated movies between 2005 –2010 ranging from 91.5% to 98.9%.
  • The three major studios and Independent studios with no published, written smoking reduction policy had reductions ranging from 26.4% to 62.7% in the same time period.

Read it for yourself here: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/

 

Smoke-Free Environments Linked to Less Breast Cancer

In National News on April 19, 2011 at 8:13 am

States with more workplace bans, non-smoking homes have fewer cases of the disease

FRIDAY, March 18 (HealthDay News) — Women in smoke-free homes and workplaces are less likely to develop or die from breast cancer, new research shows. U.S. researchers compared rates of non-smoking homes and workplaces with state-specific rates of breast cancer incidence and death. States with higher numbers of smoke-free homes and workplaces had significantly fewer breast cancer deaths, particularly among younger premenopausal women.

Researchers estimate that about 20 percent of the change in breast-cancer death rates is due to changes in smoke-free home and workplace policies. The study by researchers in the department of health behavior at Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, N.Y., was released online March 12 in advance of publication in an upcoming print issue of the journal Tobacco Control.

” While the evidence for secondhand smoke and breast cancer risk remains controversial, this study demonstrates a very strong inverse correlation. States with higher percentages of women working and living in smoke-free spaces have lower breast cancer rates. This study provides yet another reason for people to stop smoking and avoid secondhand smoke exposure,” said K. Michael Cummings.

More information: The U.S. National Cancer Institute has more about secondhand smoke and cancer.– Robert Preidt SOURCE: Roswell Park Cancer Institute, news release, March 16, 2011

New Surgeon General’s Report Shows Immediate Need for Strong Tobacco Control Programs

In Local News on December 10, 2010 at 12:04 pm

WASHINGTON, Ind. – Local health advocates say a new U.S. Surgeon General’s Report released Thursday provides a stark reminder of how lethal and addictive smoking is for everyone. This report underscores the importance of actions to prevent kids from starting to smoke, help smokers quit and protect everyone’s right to breathe clean air-free.

“Exposure to tobacco smoke causes immediate damage to your body.  The next cigarette you smoke can be the cigarette that is the trigger for a deadly heart or asthma attack, or damage your DNA which can lead to cancer,” says Sally Petty, coordinator of the Tobacco Prevention and Cessation coalitions in Daviess and Pike counties.

The local tobacco prevention coalitions in Daviess and Pike counties have been working hard over the past several years to protect children and adults from the hazards of tobacco smoke. Their accomplishments include:

  • Working with North Daviess, Washington Community and Pike Central schools to strengthen their tobacco policies and make their entire campuses tobacco-free.
  • Providing Tobacco Education Group, an evidence-based intervention program with a high success rate in helping teens quit using tobacco, as a positive alternative to fines and school suspension for juveniles caught using tobacco in Daviess and Pike counties.
  • Assisting major employers, community organizations, and more than a dozen healthcare clinics in providing cessation support for their employees, clients, and patients.
  • Supporting several local employers in enacting smoke-free workplace policies.
  • Educating adults about available cessation resources, and children about why they should not start using tobacco.

The new report shows biological evidence that suggests each cigarette is doing immediate damage and the sooner the smoker quits, the better. The message is clear; it is important to act now to reduce adult smoking in Indiana.

The report also finds that today’s cigarettes are designed to deliver nicotine more efficiently to the brain, addicting children more quickly and making it harder for smokers to quit. Today’s tobacco products are designed for addiction.

“This report stresses the need for a strong tobacco prevention and cessation program like we have had for the last 10 years in Indiana. Reducing tobacco use is one of the most effective ways to protect our state’s health and prevent deadly and costly diseases such as cancer and heart attacks by preventing kids from starting and helping adults quit,” added Petty.

The Surgeon General’s report details the serious health effects of even brief exposure to tobacco smoke. It concludes that:

  • Tobacco smoke contains more than 7,000 chemicals, including hundreds that are toxic and at least 70 that cause cancer.
  • Every exposure to the cancer-causing chemicals in tobacco smoke can damage DNA in a way that leads to cancer.
  • Exposure to secondhand smoke has an immediate adverse impact on the cardiovascular system, damaging blood vessels, making blood more likely to clot and increasing risks for heart attack and stroke.
  • Smoking makes it harder for women to get pregnant and can cause miscarriage, premature birth and low birth weight.  It also harms male fertility.

According to Surgeon General Regina Benjamin, “There is no safe level of exposure to tobacco smoke.  Every inhalation of tobacco smoke exposes our children, our families, and our loved ones to dangerous chemicals that can damage their bodies and result in life-threatening diseases such as cancer and heart disease.”

It is imperative for Indiana to continue its progress; in 2009, smoking rates declined to an historic low rate of 23.1 percent representing a highly significant downward trend in adult smoking between 2001-2009 (down from 27.4% in 2001 to 23.1% in 2009). Indiana now has 208,000 fewer smokers than just 10 years ago, but nevertheless Indiana still ranks below nearly every other state in the country (Indiana ranks 45 in smoking rate). There are still more than one million smokers in Indiana and the costs continue to mount up.

  • Each year there are 9,700 deaths in Indiana due to tobacco use.
  • There are over 194,000 Hoosiers living with serious tobacco-related illness.
  • The tobacco use burden to the Indiana economy is $7.7 billion in annual costs.
  • Indiana spends a total of $487 million each year on Medicaid payments caused by tobacco use.

The report and related materials can be found at http://www.surgeongeneral.gov.

The Daviess and Pike tobacco prevention coalitions are funded by tobacco master settlement funds through Indiana Tobacco Prevention and Cessation. Their mission is to reduce tobacco-related death and disease by preventing youth from starting, helping tobacco users quit, and reducing public exposure to secondhand smoke. For more information about tobacco-free policies, contact Petty at 812-698-0232 or notobacco@live.com.

New Study Finds That Smoking Costs Indiana $7.7 billion Annually

In State News on September 15, 2010 at 12:02 pm

 Here is a news release from the American Lung Association about recently-released study data.

New Study Finds That Smoking Costs Indiana $7.7 billion Annually

For every pack of cigerettes purchased at $5.13 it costs Indiana $15.90.

INDIANAPOLIS, IN — A new study released today by the American Lung Association, and conducted by researchers at Penn State University, finds that helping smokers quit not only saves lives but also offers favorable economic benefits to states.  The study, titled Smoking Cessation: the Economic Benefits, provides a nationwide cost-benefit analysis that compares the costs to society of smoking with the economic benefits of states providing cessation (quit-smoking) coverage.  The study comes at an important time, as important cessation benefit provisions are being implemented at the federal and state levels as a result of healthcare reform legislation.

Each year, tobacco use kills 9,700 people in Indiana, and this new study identifies significant and staggering costs directly attributable to death and disease caused by smoking.  For example, the study finds that smoking results in costs to the Indiana economy of more than $7.7 billion. This includes workplace productivity losses of $2 billion, costs of premature death at $3 billion, and direct medical expenditures of $2.6 billion.

The study also calculates the combined medical and premature death costs and workplace productivity losses per pack of cigarettes.  In Indiana, the retail pack of cigarettes is $5.13.  The costs and workplace productivity losses nationwide equal $15.90.

Smoking is the number one preventable cause of illness and death in Indiana and surveys show that 80 percent of tobacco users want to quit.  Quitting can often take several attempts before a smoker is successful.  Using evidence-based treatments increases smokers’ chances of quitting – but many smokers don’t have access to or don’t know about what kind of treatments are available to them.

“Given this demand, the ALA is redoubling its efforts to work closely with state leaders, health care organizations, educational institutions, and other partners in developing policies and programs to help smokers quit.” Says Bill Stephan, Chairman of the Board for The American Lung Association in Indiana.

In addition to identifying the staggering costs of smoking to the U.S. economy, this new study now provides state governments with compelling economic reasons to help smokers quit.  For example, the study finds that if Indiana were to invest in comprehensive smoking cessation benefits, each would receive, on average, a 19 percent return on investment.  In other words, for every dollar spent on helping smokers quit, states will see on average a return of $1.19. 

“The results of this study are staggering.  Smoking imposes a heavy financial burden on Indiana and in this time of economic crisis, we can no longer afford to supplement this dangerous habit. As a state we need to do better to help our citizens quit smoking,” State Representative Peggy Welch.  Welch is a member of the House Ways and Means Committee and the State Budget Committee.  She is also a practicing cancer nurse at Bloomington Hospital.

About the Study

Researchers at Penn State University with expertise in health economics and administration performed this cost-benefit analysis using government and other published data.  The analysis compares the costs of providing smoking cessation treatments (including price of medications and counseling and lost tax revenue) to the savings possible if smokers quit (including savings in health care expenditures, premature death costs, and productivity losses).

Funding for the study was provided through an unrestricted research grant from Pfizer Inc.

About the American Lung Association
Now in its second century, the American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives by improving lung health and preventing lung disease. With your generous support, the American Lung Association is “Fighting for Air” through research, education and advocacy. For more information about the American Lung Association or to support the work it does, call 1-800-LUNG-USA (1-800-586-4872) or visit www.LungUSA.org.

Decline In US Adult Smoking Rate Stalled

In National News on September 8, 2010 at 8:53 am

Despite the known dangers of tobacco use, 1 in 5 American adults continues to smoke cigarettes, and 4 in 10 nonsmokers were exposed to cigarette smoke during 2007-2008, according to reports from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Among children between the ages of 3 and 11 years old, 54 percent were exposed to secondhand smoke. Nearly all (98 percent) children who live with a smoker are exposed and have measureable levels of toxic chemicals from cigarette smoke.

According to the report, the number of adult smokers dropped between 2000 and 2005, but smoking has remained at about 20-21 percent since 2005. In 2009, more men (nearly 24 percent) than women (about 18 percent) smoked and about 31 percent of those living below poverty level smoked. Less than 6 percent of adults with a graduate degree smoke compared to more than 25 percent of adults with no high school diploma.

Further, nearly 90 million non-smoking Americans are exposed to secondhand smoke and have measurable levels of toxic chemicals from cigarette smoke. Black non-smokers are one-third more likely than white smokers, and twice as likely as Mexican-American smokers, to have measurable exposure to tobacco.

“Smoking is still the leading preventable cause of death in this country,” said CDC Director Thomas R. Frieden, M.D., M.P.H. “But progress is possible. Strong state laws that protect nonsmokers from secondhand smoke, higher cigarette prices, aggressive ad campaigns that show the human impact of smoking and well-funded tobacco control programs decrease the number of adult smokers and save lives.”

In 2009, smoking among adults was lowest in Utah, followed by California. California has had a long-running comprehensive tobacco control program. Adult smoking in California declined by about 40 percent during 1998–2006, and as a result lung cancer in California has been declining four times faster than in the rest of the nation. Maine, New York, and Washington have seen 45–60 percent reductions in youth smoking with sustained statewide efforts. If each state supported comprehensive tobacco control programs for 5 years with CDC recommended levels of funding, an estimated 5 million fewer persons in the country would smoke, resulting in prevention of premature tobacco-related deaths.

The federal government is intensifying its efforts to reduce tobacco use in order to achieve the tobacco use targets in Healthy People 2010 and Healthy People 2020. The 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act gives the Food and Drug Administration authority to regulate the manufacturing, marketing, and distribution of tobacco products and has provided new opportunities to reduce tobacco use.

In addition, the Communities Putting Prevention to Work program provides guidance and funding for states and communities to change policies to prevent tobacco use and protect nonsmokers from secondhand smoke. The latter is especially important given that more than half of young children are exposed to secondhand smoke. Children whose parents smoke are twice as likely to smoke themselves, but children who grow up in communities with comprehensive smoke-free laws are much less likely to become smokers.

Smoking cases cancers of the lung, mouth, stomach, pancreas, kidney, colon, cervix, bladder and leukemia, as well as heart attacks, stroke, blindness, pneumonia, emphysema and other lung diseases, and many other health problems. Exposure to secondhand smoke causes sudden infant death syndrome and low birth weight, acute respiratory infections, middle ear disease, exacerbated asthma, respiratory symptoms, and decreased lung function in children. It also causes heart disease and lung cancer in nonsmoking adults.

For more information on tobacco control, visit www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns or www.cdc.gov/tobacco. Call 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669) or visit www.smokefree.gov for quitting assistance. For state-specific tobacco data, visit CDC’s State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation System at http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/statesystem.

5 Ways To Talk To Your Kids About Tobacco

In Local News on August 24, 2010 at 2:56 pm

1: Children start experimenting with tobacco products early – as early as fourth grade. In fact, most adult smokers started while they were still underage. Start talking to your kids now about why they shouldn’t use tobacco.

2: Tobacco companies target kids with appealing advertising and packaging, and with new innovations such as dissolvable tobacco products that look like breath mints or strips. When you see tobacco advertising in your community, talk to your kids about what the advertising means and why it still doesn’t make smoking (or chewing) cool.

3: Kids are more influenced by tobacco advertising than by peer pressure. But your attitudes and behaviors when it comes to tobacco matter the most. If you don’t smoke, don’t start. If you do smoke, talk to your kids about how it has affected your health and how hard it is to quit – and keep trying to quit. (And call 1-800-QUIT-NOW for free help to quit smoking or chewing.) Make the inside of your home 100% tobacco-free. Tell your kids you don’t want them to use any kind of tobacco, and you will be disappointed if they do.

4: Smoking or using tobacco hurts kids now, not just when they get older. Talk to them about how using tobacco products now can cause respiratory problems, reduced immune function, increased illness, tooth decay, gum disease, and pre-cancerous gene mutations. Using tobacco also makes kids more likely to try risky behaviors and less likely to succeed in school.

5: The addiction rate for nicotine is higher than marijuana, alcohol, and cocaine. Kids can be seriously addicted in just weeks or even days after they first try smoking or chewing. Talk to them about why they shouldn’t try any tobacco product, not even once.

Higher Taxes = Less Smoking

In State News on June 10, 2010 at 12:09 pm

A newly published review by CDC found that last year, 14 states and D.C. increased their state cigarette excise taxes. The national average state excise tax increased from $1.18 per pack in 2008 to $1.34 per pack in 2009. At the end of 2009, cigarette excise taxes ranged from 7 cents per pack in South Carolina to $3.46 per pack in Rhode Island.

None of the 15 states that raised their cigarette excise taxes in 2009 dedicated any of the new revenues to tobacco control. States can further reduce cigarette use by investing a portion of excise tax revenues in tobacco prevention and control efforts.

Indiana’s tax is 99.5 cents and is below the national average of $1.34. Indiana did not raise taxes in 2008 or 2009 and there is no amount of tax revenue designated for tobacco control programming.

Increasing cigarette excise taxes is one of the most reliable, cost-effective tobacco control policies. Higher taxes directly increase cigarette prices and reduce cigarette use, which in turn decreases smoking-related diseases, death, and health care costs.

2-Year-Old Addicted To Smoking

In National News on June 8, 2010 at 12:19 pm

This is why we need to keep tight regulations and restrictions on the tobacco industry.

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/37358195/ns/he…_and_parenting/

Benny Wahyudi, a senior official at the Industry Ministry, said the government had initiated a plan to try to limit the number of smokers, including dropping production to 240 billion cigarettes this year, from 245 billion in 2009.

Health Minister Endang Sedyaningsih conceded turning young people off smoking will be difficult in a country where it is perceived as positive because cigarette companies sponsor everything from scholarships to sporting events.

30-year-old Woman Survives Lung Cancer

In State News, Uncategorized on May 20, 2010 at 11:18 am

Check out the video about Molly, a 30-year-old lung cancer survivor:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mOGclMCKe48

Military Marches Forward to Curb Tobacco Use

In National News on April 30, 2010 at 2:48 pm

The facts are: rates of smoking in the military are higher than in the civilian population; smoking rates are even higher among military personnel who have been deployed; and an increasing number of service members use smokeless tobacco products. In light of this, the Departments of Defense (DoD) and Veterans Affairs (VA) are working to increase cessation among their constituents.

A June 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report commissioned by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and the DoD titled, “Combating Tobacco Use in Military and Veteran Populations,” includes recommendations for the DoD and VA to make progress toward a tobacco-free military.

The Department of Defense (DoD) has launched an online interactive tobacco cessation program — Quit Tobacco, Make Everyone Proud.   The program provides users the opportunity to submit questions to tobacco cessation counselors in real time; computer games to distract from tobacco cravings; and short videos and audio podcasts — quitcasts and spitcasts — in which service members share testimonials and advice.

A military-specific tobacco quitline is being tested in an NIH-sponsored clinical trial.  The principal investigator for the trial, Dr. Robert Klesges of the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, says, “A tobacco quitline or a tailored Internet program, military personnel can use anytime day or night. So a lot of what we are doing is tailoring these cessation tools to the intense job demands associated with the military,” He further noted, “We enforce weight standards, why wouldn’t we enforce tobacco-free standards?”

All VA medical centers have tobacco cessation specialty clinics that provide free counseling and FDA-approved smoking cessation medications, including over-the-counter medications.  Veterans seen in primary care and outpatient mental health clinics are screened for tobacco use at least once a year. Providers offer brief cessation counseling to current tobacco users, as well as prescriptions for FDA-approved medications and referrals to more intensive counseling to assist veterans with quitting.