notobacco

Posts Tagged ‘CDC’

CDC MMWR Report Shows Decrease Of Smoking In Movies

In National News on July 15, 2011 at 8:38 am

The CDC Office on Smoking and Health recently released a data relating to a new study, which is the first to compare major motion picture companies that have adopted a tobacco reduction policy to those without such a policy. Reducing smoking incidents in movies is important because studies have found that 44% of youth smoking initiation can be attributed to viewing tobacco incidents in movies.

MMWR Highlights Changes in Onscreen Smoking Incidents in Youth-Rated Movies (2005 – 2010)
  • Total number of onscreen tobacco incidents in youth-rated movies: 595 in 2010 versus 2093 in 2005
  • Total incidents decreased 71.6% from 2005 to 2010
  • Average number of incidents per youth-rated movie: 6.8 in 2010 versus 20.1 in 2005
  • Average incidents per movie decreased 66.2% from 2005 to 2010
Smoking-Reduction Policies
  • Only three of the six major studios have a published, written smoking reduction policy in place.
  • Those studios had reductions in tobacco use depictions in youth-rated movies between 2005 –2010 ranging from 91.5% to 98.9%.
  • The three major studios and Independent studios with no published, written smoking reduction policy had reductions ranging from 26.4% to 62.7% in the same time period.

Read it for yourself here: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/

 

Advertisements

New CDC Report Highlights Tobacco Control Progress In Indiana

In State News on April 26, 2010 at 10:10 am

INDIANAPOLIS – Following on the heels of a newly-released assessment by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) involving the progress made by state tobacco control programs, Indiana health officials today pointed to the “…promising trends” that have been made in the Hoosier state and pointed to a historic new low in adult smoking rates.

According to the Indiana State Department of Health, there has been a highly significant downward trend in adult smoking rates in Indiana between 2001-2009.

State health officials report newly finalized 2009 Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance Program (BRFSS) data show the smoking rate for Hoosier adults dropped from 26 percent in 2008 to 23.1 percent in 2009.

Although the change between 2008 and 2009 is not considered statistically significant, the new adult smoking prevalence is the lowest adult smoking rate since the BRFSS began gathering data on Hoosiers.

“Under the leadership of Gov. Daniels and his INShape Indiana health initiative, our state has become highly focused on the importance of improving the health of Hoosiers, with a greater emphasis on nutrition, physical activity, and tobacco use.  As a result, we have implemented some important strategies to reduce tobacco use in recent years, and the data is telling us it is working,” said Indiana State Health Commissioner Greg Larkin, M.D.

The report, entitled Tobacco Control State Highlights 2010, outlines several key measures of tobacco control programs, including smoking prevalence, cigarette excise tax rates, smoke-free air laws, and counter-marketing media campaigns. The report is based on 2008 data, so does not include the recently finalized 2009 BRFSS data. Studies show when states concentrate on a combination of high-impact, proven strategies — particularly smoke-free laws and higher cigarette prices — tobacco use can be cut substantially. The price of cigarettes in Indiana was increased in 2007.  Since then, cigarette consumption has dropped nearly 25 percent.

Karla Sneegas, executive director, Indiana Tobacco Prevention and Cessation (ITPC), said the new 2009 adult smoking rate validates the hard work of the state’s tobacco control program and the progress achieved by its local and state partners committed to ending tobacco use.

“Seeing this decrease in adult smoking, especially during a time of economic hardship, is very promising,” said Sneegas.  “ITPC’s community-based commitment to policy change in Hoosier communities, together with our outreach directly to smokers through the Indiana Tobacco Quitline, are high impact strategies that are delivering results.”

Nationally, smoking rates have stalled. In the 1990s, the nation experienced significant declines in smoking rates among adults and youth, but those declines have stalled since 2004. 

CDC’s State Highlights report uses consistent state-specific data to measure tobacco control progress in all 50 states and the District of Columbia (D.C.) and allows states to compare their efforts. The report is designed to address the public health impact of smoking and draw attention to the concentrated emphasis needed to end the tobacco use epidemic.

According to CDC Director Thomas R.  Frieden, M.D., M.P.H. “Smoke free laws, hard-hitting ads, and higher cigarette prices are among our strongest weapons in this fight against tobacco use.  We must redouble efforts to bring down smoking rates, prevent suffering and premature death, and cut health care costs by reducing smoking.”

Sneegas said that the key to making further progress is tied to Indiana’s need to implement these strategies, as outlined by the CDC, including protecting all workers from secondhand smoke and providing the free services of the Indiana Tobacco Quitline services to every smoker who is ready to quit.

For tobacco users who are ready to quit, call 1-800-QUIT-NOW. For an online version of the Tobacco Control State Highlights 2010, visit CDC’s Office and Smoking and Health at www.cdc.gov/tobacco.

National Report: Indiana Ranks 29th in Protecting Kids from Tobacco

In State News on December 9, 2009 at 10:42 am

Indiana has cut state funding for tobacco prevention programs by 28 percent in the past year and currently ranks 29th in the nation in funding programs to prevent kids from smoking and help smokers quit, according to a national report released today by a coalition of public health organizations.

Indiana currently spends $11.8 million a year on tobacco prevention and cessation programs, including $10.8 million in state funds and a $1 million federal grant. This total is just 15 percent of the $78.8 million recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Last year, Indiana ranked 28th, spending $16 million on tobacco prevention.

Other key findings for Indiana include:

  • In the past year, Indiana has cut state funding for its tobacco prevention program by 28 percent, from $15.1 million to $10.8 million.
  • Indiana this year will collect $622 million from the 1998 tobacco settlement and tobacco taxes, but will spend less than two percent of it on tobacco prevention programs.
  • The tobacco companies spend $426.2 million a year to market their products in Indiana. This is 36 times what the state spends on tobacco prevention.

The annual report on states’ funding of tobacco prevention programs, titled “A Broken Promise to Our Children: The 1998 State Tobacco Settlement 11 Years Later,” was released by the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, American Heart Association, American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, American Lung Association and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

The Indiana Tobacco Prevention and Cessation program has contributed to significant declines in tobacco use. Between 2000 and 2008, smoking declined by 42 percent among Indiana high school students (from 31.6 percent to 18.3 percent) and by 58 percent among middle school students (from 9.8 percent to 4.1 percent). However, Indiana still has one of the highest adult smoking rates in the nation at 26.1 percent. Every year, another 8,600 Indiana kids become regular smokers, and tobacco use claims 9,700 lives and costs the state $2.1 billion in health care bills.

“Indiana has made significant progress in the fight against tobacco, but Indiana this year has taken a step backward and cut state funding for tobacco prevention by more than a quarter,” said Matthew L. Myers, President of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. “Indiana’s progress in reducing tobacco use is at risk unless state leaders restore funding for tobacco prevention. Even in these difficult budget times, tobacco prevention is a smart investment that reduces smoking, saves lives and saves money by reducing tobacco-related health care costs.”

Eleven years after the 1998 state tobacco settlement, the new report finds that the states this year are collecting record amounts of revenue from the tobacco industry, but are spending less of it on tobacco prevention. Key national findings of the report include:

  • The states this year will collect $25.1 billion from the tobacco settlement and tobacco taxes, but will spend just 2.3 percent of it – $567.5 million – on tobacco prevention programs. It would take less than 15 percent of their tobacco revenue to fund tobacco prevention programs in every state at CDC-recommended levels.
  • In the past year, states have cut funding for tobacco prevention programs by more than 15 percent, or $103.4 million.
  • Only one state – North Dakota – currently funds a tobacco prevention program at the CDC-recommended level.
  • Only nine other states fund prevention programs at even half the CDC-recommended amount, while 31 states and DC are providing less than a quarter of the recommended funding.

The report warns that the nation’s progress in reducing smoking is at risk unless states increase funding for programs to prevent kids from smoking and help smokers quit. The United States has significantly reduced smoking among both youth and adults, but the CDC’s most recent survey showed that smoking declines among adults have stalled.

Currently 20 percent of high school students and 20.6 percent of adults smoke. Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the U.S., killing more than 400,000 people and costing $96 billion in health care bills each year. Every day, another 1,000 kids become regular smokers – one-third of them will die prematurely as a result.

More information, including the full report and state-specific information, can be obtained at www.tobaccofreekids.org/reports/settlements.

Adult Smoking Rates Remain The Same

In National News, State News on November 13, 2009 at 9:59 am

The Friday, November 13, 2009 issue of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) announces the 33rd Anniversary of the Great American Smokeout to be observed Thursday, November 19, 2009.

The MMWR also contains articles entitled “Cigarette Smoking Among Adults and Trends in Smoking Cessation – United States, 2008” and “State- Specific Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults – Untied States, 2008.”

Cigarette Smoking Among Adults-United States, 2008 (NHIS)

The rate of adult smoking shows little to no change over the past five years and represents 46 million U.S. adults who were current smokers in 2008.  

According to 2008 National Health Interview Survey data analyzed by CDC, the smoking rate of adults in the United States remained virtually unchanged from 2007 to 2008 at 19.8 percent and 20.6 percent, respectively. 
Adults 25 years of age or older with a GED had the highest prevalence of smoking (41.3 percent) and the lowest quit ratio (39.9 percent).

State- Specific Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults – Untied States, 2008 (BRFSS)

Among states, smoking prevalence was highest in West Virginia (26.6 percent), Indiana (26.1 percent), and Kentucky (25.3 percent) and lowest in Utah (9.2 percent), California (14.0 percent), and New Jersey (14.8 percent).

There are 26 states that have adult prevalence rates at or below the U.S. average of 18%.  These states have one or two important factors in common:

  • cigarette taxes higher than $2.00 (the national average is $1.32)
  • statewide comprehensive smoke-free air law 

Of these 26 states:

  • 21 states have a comprehensive state smoke free air law.
  • 12 states have cigarettes taxes of $2.00 or more.
  • 12 states have BOTH smoke free air AND high taxes (>/= $2.00).

Conversely, the ten highest smoking states have low taxes (< $1.00) and no statewide smoke-free air policy.  Indiana is one of these ten states with high prevalence rates.

The CDC states, “to effectively combat the tobacco-use epidemic and reduce smoking rates nationwide, we must protect people from secondhand smoke, increase the price of tobacco, and support aggressive anti-tobacco campaigns that will reduce smoking and save lives.”

Expanding smoke-free policies and encouraging homes that are smoke-free are essential to reducing smoking prevalence and exposure to secondhand smoke. In 2008, the percentage of people in 11 states (including Indiana) and the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) who reported that smoking was not allowed anywhere inside their home, the median was 78.1 percent.  Indiana’s rate was 69.9 percent reporting a smoke free home policy.  Workplace exposure was reported at 10.5 percent in Indiana and the median was 8.6 percent.

CDC Finds Poisons In Dissolvable Tobacco Products

In Local News, State News on October 5, 2009 at 7:34 am

Since the beginning of this year, Indianapolis has been a test market for new dissolvable tobacco products, mostly from Camel. These are smokeless, spit-free, made from finely milled tobacco, and held together by food-grade 41887-Camel_Dissolvablesbinders. They look like breath mints, breath strips, or toothpicks, and are designed to be placed in the mouth, on the tongue or between the cheek and gum, where they dissolve to release tobacco.

Dissolvable tobacco products are now available in Daviess County in the form of Stonewall dissolvable tablets. The manufacturer, Star Scientific, states that Stonewalls are designed for heavy smokers and spit tobacco users. This company also makes Ariva brand dissolvable tablets.

Indiana Tobacco Prevention and Cessation agency feels the tobacco companies are illegally using Hoosiers as unwitting participants in a potentially dangerous clinical trial of these products since they were not tested for safety before being sold to the public, as food products, drugs, and cosmetics would be.

StonewallsDissolvable tobacco products may contain up to three times the amount of nicotine found in one cigarette. A cigarette smoker typically takes in about 1 milligram of nicotine. Camel dissolvable products are said to deliver about 0.6 to 3.1 milligrams of nicotine each, Ariva tablets have about 1.5 millgrams of nicotine each, and Stonewall tablets have about 4 milligrams of nicotine each.

People who use these products may get a higher dose of nicotine than they are used to, possibly resulting in nicotine poisoning, which manifests through adverse reactions such as tremors, nausea, vomiting, agitation, and in more extreme cases, seizures, coma, and death. The high nicotine content combined with the nature of the products and the ease of use is a potentially deadly combination for both adults and children. For example, users may be tempted to ingest multiple tablets at one time, like they would breath mints.

Less than a milligram of nicotine is enough to kill a child, depending on age and weight. Indiana Poison Control has already received calls regarding nicotine poisoning associated with dissolvable tobacco use.

Dissolvable tobacco is not a safe alternate to cigarettes, even though tobacco companies are marketing them as a safer alternative with fewer toxins. People who use spit tobacco are at risk of many health problems including cancers and mouth diseases, and we have no reason to believe dissolvable products are any safer.mouth_cancer2

Collaboration between ITPC and Dr. Jeffery Wigand, a former tobacco company researcher who achieved national prominence when he became the tobacco industry’s highest ranking former executive to address public health and smoking issues, has resulted in a preliminary CDC study of Camel Orbs dissolvable products.

The study found two questionable ingredients in Orbs: cinnamaldehyde, a toxic insecticide, fungicide, corrosion inhibitor, and severe skin irritant; and coumarin, which the FDA banned as a food additive in 1978 and as a cigarette additive in 1997. Since this was only a preliminary study, we don’t know what other chemicals and toxins may be present in Camel, Stonewall, or Ariva dissolvable tobacco products.

In a presentation to ITPC representatives recently, Dr. Wigand said the tobacco companies are doing clinical testing on people without their consent by selling dissolvable tobacco products that have not undergone safety testing. He said that formulas of Camel dissolvable products vary by test market; the Camel dissolvable products being sold in Indianapolis and surrounding counties have the highest levels of nicotine.

I’d like to ask each of you to take action by writing to the attorney general and the FDA. Ask them to remove dissolvable products from our stores and test them for safety.

Write to the attorney general at Consumer Protection Division, 302 West Washington Street, 5th Floor, Indianapolis, IN 46204 or call 317-232-6330.

Submit comments online to the FDA through www.regulations.gov or by mail to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, Room 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.

CDC Says Media Messages Result In People Quitting Smoking

In State News on May 11, 2009 at 7:54 am

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommends that states deliver “strategic, culturally appropriate, and high-impact messages in sustained and adequately funded campaigns.”

  • CDC states that media needs to reach 75-85% of adults to be effective.
  • The Indiana reach to adults is currently at 51%.
  • The FYI 2008 budget includes $2.65 million or 15.3% for health communications.
  • Overall program funding is about a quarter of CDC recommendations.
  • Total funding for health communications is well below CDC recommendations.
  • ITPC recommends increasing the overall share of dollars dedicated to health communications to 25% percent.

Contact your legislators and tell them we need to put the tobacco settlement money towards helping people quit smoking and preventing children from ever starting.

CDC Releases Updates In MMWR

In National News, State News on January 23, 2009 at 10:29 am

Today, Jan 22, the CDC released in its MMWR (morbidity and mortality weekly report) an update to the smoking attributable death and years of potential life lost calculations.

Highlights:

  • CDC’s Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Morbidity and Economic Costs (SAMMEC) system shows that tobacco results in 443,000 deaths annually in the U.S.
  • There are 5.1 million years of potential life lost annually in the U.S.
  • The median smoking-attributable mortality rate is 263 per 100,000 (2000-2004).  This is a decline of 24.8 deaths per 100,000 from 1996–1999 and reflects progress made in lowering smoking prevalence over the past 40 years.

Indiana specific highlights:

  • Annually 9,731 deaths are due to cigarette smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke.  The smoking attributable mortality rate is now 308.9 per 100,000 (2000-2004) compared to 323.3 per 100,000 (1996-1999). This is a 14% decline overall.
  • Compared to 1999-1999 rates, smoking attributable mortality rates (2000-2004) for men in Indiana are down 43.7% compared to an increase of 1.7% for women. However, smoking attributable mortality rates for men are twice that of women. (Men 457 per 100,000 vs. Women 207 per 100,000)
  • 138,915 years of potential life lost happen annually in Indiana.
  • Smoking attributable mortality rates are 17% higher in Indiana that the U.S. median.